State Equine Agister's-Feed Liens
State Equine Agister's-Feed Liens

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New Mexico

New Mexico Liens for Services to Horses and for the Care of Horses

NOTE: New Mexico has a farrier's lien. It has no veterinarian's or breeder's lien, but its lien for services to personal property is broad enough to cover some veterinarian and breeder services.

I. Farrier's Lien
CHAPTER 48. Liens and Mortgages
ARTICLE 3. Liens on Personal Property

48-3-4 [Blacksmith's lien.]

Any person who shall shoe or cause to be shod by his employees any horse, mule, ox or other animal, shall have a lien upon such animal for the amount due or to become due for such labor or services, and for all costs incurred in enforcing such lien, and may detain such animal in his possession until such sum is paid.

48-3-7 Liens for board, feed, shelter or pasture; priority.

A. Innkeepers, livery stable keepers, lessors and agistors and those who board others for pay or furnish feed, shelter or pasture for the property and stock of others shall have a lien on the property and stock of such guest or guests and lessees or of those to whom feed or shelter has been furnished until the same is paid, and shall have the right to take and retain possession of such property and stock until the indebtedness is paid.

B. It shall be unlawful for a lessee or owner to remove livestock from the leased premises, feedlot or pasture without the consent of the lessor feedlot operator or agistor unless the amount due for pasturage or feed be paid.

C. The liens provided for in this section shall not take precedence over prior filed or recorded chattel mortgages, duly filed or recorded as provided by law, unless the holder of such mortgage shall expressly so consent in writing; provided that the giving of such written consent shall not affect the rights or priority under a prior mortgage as against a subsequent mortgage but the rights, liens and priorities of all such mortgages shall be and remain the same as if no such written consent had been given.

D. An agistor shall retain his lien, notwithstanding the fact that he has relinquished possession of the livestock, if prior to relinquishment, he has filed for record with the clerk of the county in which the livestock are situate a statement declaring his intention to retain the lien and containing a description of the livestock in [on] which the lien is claimed.

E. For the purposes of this section, "agistor" means a person or entity whose primary business is to board, feed and care for livestock of others for a fee.

F. The notice which an agistor is required to file to protect his lien claim under this section shall contain the following:
(1) name of the agistor;
(2) location by general description and county of the feedlot in which the livestock are boarded;
(3) identification of livestock by quantity, owner and other identifying information to permit an identification as to which livestock the lien applies; and
(4) signature of the agistor and the date on which the notice was served.

G. Within fifteen days after the agistor releases the lien he shall file a release of lien in the manner provided for filing of termination statements under the Uniform Commercial Code [Chapter 55 NMSA 1978].

48-3-9 [Loss of lien.]

Any lien acquired under the provisions of this law [48-3-1 to 48-3-15 NMSA 1978] except those provided in Sections 48-3-5 and 48-3-7 NMSA 1978 hereof shall become void, if the person entitled to the same shall consent that the property subject thereto be removed from his control or possession, except as against the person at whose request the repairs or parts were furnished and the labor performed. In the case of the liens provided in Sections 48-3-5 and 48-3- 7 NMSA 1978, if the person or persons entitled to the lien consent to a removal of the property subject to the lien from the leased premises the lien shall become void.

48-3-10 [Priorities between liens.]

The priorities of liens provided for by this act shall be fixed as to several lien claimants as of the time of serving notice or of filing suit as provided in Section 48-3-13 NMSA 1978.

48-3-11 [Acceptance of collateral security waives lien.]

No person shall be entitled to a lien under this article who has taken collateral security for the payment of the sum due him.

48-3-12 [Assignability of liens.]

Liens provided under this act shall be assignable.

48-3-13 Enforcement of liens; optional methods.

A. In order to enforce any lien under Sections 48-3-1 through 48-3-20 NMSA 1978, the procedure shall be the same as in the case of the foreclosure of a chattel mortgage if suit is filed in court. The lien claimant when the property subject to the lien is under his control or in his possession may, after the debt for which the lien is claimed becomes due and payable, serve the person against whom the lien is sought to be enforced with a written notice or forward to the last known address of the person, by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, a written statement, setting forth an itemized statement of the amount of the indebtedness. If the indebtedness is not paid within ten days after the service or mailing of the notice, the property may be advertised by posting or publication as provided in Section 48-3-14 NMSA 1978 and sold to satisfy the indebtedness.

B. Where the property involved is a motor vehicle upon which a lien exists under Sections 48-3-19 and 48-3-20 NMSA 1978, then in addition to the ten-day notice of the debt under this section and the twenty-day notice of sale under Section 48-3-14 NMSA 1978, the motor vehicle shall be held for the following periods:
(1) for fourteen days where the vehicle is registered in this state; or
(2) for forty days where the vehicle is registered in a foreign jurisdiction or where the registration cannot be found in the records of this state.

C. Where the property on which the lien exists is a motor vehicle, the time periods referred to in Subsection B of this section are to be used for the purpose of establishing ownership and the names and addresses of lienholders so that they may be given notice of the sale. The time periods shall be in lieu of the time period referred to in Section 66-3-203 NMSA 1978, but the provisions of giving notice to the state police of unclaimed vehicles shall still apply, and the lien claimant shall give such notice within five days after the expiration of the ten-day notice period referred to in Subsection A of this section.

48-3-14 Advertisement and sale of property.

If default be made in the payment of the debt, after such notice, it shall be lawful for the lien claimant or creditor, as provided in this article (48-3-1 to 48-3-15 NMSA 1978), to advertise and sell such property at public auction to the highest bidder for cash after giving at least twenty days' notice of such sale by:

A. at least six handbills posted up in public places in the county in which such sale is to be made; or

B. by publishing once each week for two successive weeks in some newspaper of general circulation in the county; such notices of sale shall set forth the time and place of sale and a description of the property to be sold, and the amount of indebtedness claimed under such lien.

48-3-15 [Disposition of proceeds of sale; purchase by lien claimant.]

After sale made as provided in the preceding section [48-3-14 NMSA 1978], the proceeds of such sale shall be applied to the payment of the costs of advertising and making the sale and the satisfaction of the demand of the lien claimant, and the residue, if any, shall be refunded to the lien debtor; provided, that the lien claimant shall not be precluded from bidding on or purchasing the property at such sale.

48-3-17 [Priority and enforcement of lien.]

The lien provided for under this act [48-3-16 to 48-3-18 NMSA 1978] is subject to such priorities of liens as are otherwise provided by law, and may be enforced in the same manner and through the same procedure as now provided by law for the enforcement of liens on personal property and as provided in Section 48-3-13 NMSA 1978.

II. Lien for Work on Personal Property

48-3-22 Lien for work or services by retaining possession.

A. A person or firm, which, at the request of the owner or person lawfully in possession:

(1) repairs, cleans, adjusts or otherwise services jewelry, timing apparatus, watches, clocks, radios, home appliances, electrical equipment, musical instruments;

(2) repairs, cleans, adjusts or otherwise services sporting equipment including guns; or

(3) enhances the value of personal property, shall, by retaining possession of the articles upon which the work or service was performed, have a lien for unpaid charges for the work or services.

B. A person or firm, to qualify under the provisions of this act [48-3-22 to 48-3-27 NMSA 1978], must have posted a notice at each place of business at the time such work is authorized, which reads:
"All articles left for (state the type of work or service provided) and not called for in 3 months will be sold for charges pursuant to Sections 48-3-22 through 48-3-27 NMSA 1978."

C. The provisions of this act do not extend to a person or firm that performs any of the functions described in Subsection A of this section on a wholesale basis or as a subcontractor.

48-3-23 Possession; when lien shall not exist.

The possession required under this act [48-3-22 to 48-3-27 NMSA 1978] shall be physical custody. No lien shall exist where:

A. the article has not been delivered to the physical custody of the person or firm claiming the lien;

B. without fraud or false representation, the physical custody of the article has been surrendered by the person or firm performing the work or service;

C. the person or firm performing the work or service has accepted collateral security for payment of the amount due.

48-3-24 Lien not exclusive.

The lien provided for by this act [48-3-22 to 48-3-27 NMSA 1978] shall be a cumulative remedy and shall not be construed to limit the remedies otherwise provided by law to a creditor against his debtor. The lien provided for by this act and the method and procedure for enforcement thereof is in addition to and not a substitution for any other lien and procedure for enforcement otherwise provided by law.

48-3-25 Enforcement of lien.

Three (3) months after the debt for which the lien is claimed becomes due, the lien claimant may enforce such lien by either a suit to foreclose the lien or by a sale as hereinafter provided.

48-3-26 Sale to enforce lien.

A. Six (6) months after the debt for which the lien is claimed becomes due, the lien claimant may serve written notice upon the person against whom the lien is sought to be enforced. Such notice shall itemize the amount of the indebtedness and demand payment thereof. Notice sent by registered mail to the address given at the time the work or service was authorized shall be sufficient notice under the provisions of this paragraph. If no address was given at time work or service was authorized, notice of sale shall be by one publication in a legal newspaper circulated in the community where the work was originally authorized, or by posting two (2) notices in the community, provided that one notice is posted at the place of business where the work or service was authorized, and the other notice is posted at the county courthouse, or village, town or city hall. This notice may include the sale of more than one lien debtor's property, provided the property of each debtor and the amount due for service thereon is listed in separate paragraphs.

B. If payment is not made within ten (10) days after service of notice as provided in Paragraph A of this section, the lien claimant may sell such property at public sale, for cash, after the elapse of at least twenty (20) days following the giving of notice of sale. Notice of sale shall be given pursuant to the procedures for notices prescribed in Paragraph A above. Such notice shall state the time and place of sale, describe the property to be sold and state the amount of indebtedness claimed under the lien.

C. Storage charges may be charged beginning thirty (30) days after articles are left for service.

D. Costs of serving notice on person authorizing work and of advertising sale of unclaimed property shall become part of lien.

E. Bailments having replacement value not exceeding five dollars ($5.00) may be given to charity, utilized by the servicing agency or sold for charges without compliance to the provisions of this section.

F. The lien claimant may bid and may be a purchaser at such sale.

48-3-27 Disposition of proceeds of sale.

The proceeds of such sale shall be applied first to the payment of costs in giving notice of sale and conducting the sale, and second to the indebtedness claimed under the lien.

Any amount of the proceeds then remaining shall be paid to the lien debtor, after first deducting any other amounts due by lien debtor to lien claimant. If the whereabouts of the lien debtor are unknown and are not discovered within six (6) months from the date of the sale after reasonable search and inquiry, any remaining proceeds due such lien debtor shall be paid to the county treasurer for the benefit of the common school fund of the county.

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